Cereals - Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Wheat was one of the earliest plants cultivated by man after it evolved from the wild wheat of the Fertile Crescent, an area around the Tigris/ Euphrates Rivers of south west Asia, about 8,500 years ago. Many wheat varieties are now grown over much of the world but mainly confined to temperate regions.

In Britain, the annual wheat production is over 13 million tonnes. Over half of this is used as animal feed for meat production. The remainder is used for the production of flour for bread and cakes, or can be processed for shredded, rolled, flaked or other wheat products.

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